Teaching Critical and Creative Thinking in a Global Education Setting
I recently finished reading A critical Thinker’s Guide to Educational Style ., which was published by the Foundation for Critical Thinking. In it the authors discuss the fundamental idea of various educational ‘fads’, proper educational uses and likely misuses of each. The style . range from school choice and Socratic questioning to integrated course load. Three of these style . endured out for me as important ideas that needs to be considered in more depth… and together as an educational strategy.
I believe critical thinking is the most important fad discussed, as it involves metacognition (thinking about thinking). When we think critically we reason, evaluate, judge and problem solve so that we produce the best thinking we can. When we think critically, we speak and listen with empathy, consider all views, think with an open mind, observe more carefully, persevere via a thought to an intelligent conclusion. Schools should teach critical thinking because this skill might just get us through any situation in life we would face.
I was not taught how to think critically in school… were you? We use critical thinking all throughout school (conducting science experiments, writing papers), but most of us will never be specifically taught how and why it is important to think critically. We need to teach students this skill along with how to master test taking, how to develop good study habits and more. Most students muddle their way through and develop these skills and abilities on their own. Think of how much easier they’d be if . just give them the right tools.
Educational Style . suggests the idea of teaching history as historical thinking, the field of biology as neurological thinking. Instead of memorizing our presidents, students should analyze presidencies in an historical context. Imagine the number of students who might be interested with science if it were taught this way. Our schools tend to teach ordinary fragmented way that broad concepts are singled out instead of built-into a more substantial perspective.
Citizens in our global world need to know how to think critically in order to effectively communicate with and work alongside others from various walks of life. We must learn how to communicate with people who live in vastly different cultures where views will vary and backgrounds diverse.
Genuine creativity builds on critical thought, and as the authors of Educational Style . state, something is not creative simply because it is different. Creativity involves thinking ‘outside the box’ in order to solve a problem, create something new, do something differently than it’s been done before. Simply thinking artistically will only get us so far. Creative thinking must be combined with critical thinking to truly produce distinctive results.
Creativity initiates the imagination to consentrate in unique ways to do things, to unravel problems — even in connections with others in non-conforming ways. Creativity and imagination allow us to comprehend the concept of putting a man on the silent celestial body, connecting mankind through this thing called the internet, inventing silly shoes called Crocs.
People lore states that FedEx founder James Smith received a C on a term paper in which he outlined the foundation for his idea for FedEx. Smith describes his thoughts significantly less a eureka moment, but as a simple remark. He described his thought process in a 2007 interview: Dharma Ocean
“As society automated, as people begun to put computers in banks to cancel checks — rather than individual — or people begun to put sophisticated consumer electronics in aircraft — society and the manufacturers of these automated society were want to a fully different logistics system. inch (From the May 6, 2007 blog posting: Interview with FedEx Founder James Smith — Yale University)
Was James Smith taught how to think artistically and critically? If he was not, he was certainly doing it on his own. His idea began artistically, but was followed up with critical thinking in order to bring the idea to reality in a reputable and viable way and it was considered within a global perspective, and if it had not, FedEx might not be the company that it is today — or even exist at all. This is the kind of creative thinking which is combined with critical thinking that our schools must teach our students how to do. Instead of providing them with a problem to unravel that may have an obvious solution, we must challenge them to combine critical and creative thinking to look for new trails to a solution in order to a solution itself that would don’t you have been reached otherwise, as Mr. Smith did — as so many innovators do.
Educational Style . describes global education as course load designed via a global perspective. In our increasingly diverse culture which exists in an increasingly open global community, global education is essential for this and every future generation to participate in — in an age of nuclear capability, growing terrorism and an ever-increasing pool of diverse views that have a voice in the global community.
Our schools serve as a microcosm of the larger world, and educators must prepare our children beginning during infancy to not only accept but embrace everyone’s differences — their differences in character, in thought, faith, ethnicity, background, and more. We must teach students to consentrate beyond their class room, beyond their community, instilling in the individual a global perspective where to learn new concepts and ideas, new views, new ways of considering the various facets of the world.
We in the united states live at a physical disadvantage to most of the world, even as are separated by many miles and have developed preconceived thoughts about the world which tend to be incorrect or problematic, due partially to your lack of critical thinking and to large degree due to our physical, emotional and intelligent splitting up from all of those other world’s population. As the world grows nearer because of technological advances that allow us to video conference with people globally with the touch of a button, purchase products from the remotest corners of the world with the click of a mouse, everyone must check their egos at the door; fairly address views with which we disagree; and empathize with others’ information, views and knowledge.
If educators worldwide appreciated the idea of teaching critical and creative thinking in a global education setting, future generations would learn benefit of diversity, empathy and fair-mindedness — allowing us as educated citizens of the world to think about the universe, those who are in it, and the problems we face as a shared the world.